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Spanish Civil War

Fuerza Aérea de la República Española


NAME              VICTORIES   UNITS                                           COMMENTS

Krizai, Giuseppe      3       esc España, 2a esc Lafayette, antifascist  P     1.
                              1a esc


Antonini, Angelo      -       esc España, esc Marlaux,      communist    MG    
                              2a esc Grupo 24  
Bonanni, Cesare       -       esc España                    socialist    WO
Bovoli, Anerino       -       Grupo 72                      antifascist  M
Burattini, Franco     -       Grupo 71                      antifascist  P
Chiaromonte, Nicola   -       esc España                                 B     2.
Croce, Emilio         -       esc España, esc Marlaux,      communist    MG    3.     
                              2a esc Grupo 24
Desimoni, Angelo      -                                     socialist
Farina, Emanuele      -       esc España                    socialist    M/F   4.
Fasano, Raimondo      -       esc España                    antifascist  I     5.
Gibelli, Primo        -       esc España                    communist    M
Macchieraldo, Andrea  -                                     antifascist        6.
Matonti, Filippo      -       esc España, 1a esc Grupo 71   antifascist  MG,P  7.  
                              esc Alas Rojas
Piatti, Sanzio        -
Pozzetto, Domenico    -       esc España                    socialist    T
Roda, Cesare          -       esc España, 1a esc Grupo 24   communist    MG
Sauli, Arrigo         -       esc España, Grupo 12          communist    MG    8.
Spilzi, Giovanni      -       esc España                    antifascist  E,P   9.
Spinelli, Veniero     -       esc España                    socialist    MG   10.
Vespignani, Giulio    -       esc España                    socialist    M/F
Viezzoli, Giordano    -       esc España                    republican   B

Comments:
  1. Some sources present that Josip Križaj was of Italian origin (Emiliani, Angelo: Italiani Nell'Aviazione Repubblicana Spagnola, Edizioni Aeronautiche Italiane S. r.l., 1980; Šnajdr, M.: Dewoitine D.371 a D.372, part two, in Historie a plastikové modelářství, No. 06, 2005). But he was born on 13. 3. 1911 in Kopriva near Sežana on Karst, Slovenia and is of Slovenian origin, not Italian.
    Italy occupied in 1921 large part of land, which belonged to Kingdom of Yugoslavia (large part of western Slovenia, Istria, Dalmatia and some islands). His original name was Josip Križaj, but during fascist occupation all Slavic names were italianized and his name was changed to Giuseppe Krizai.
    In Capua (Neaples) he has finished a training for a pilot. Since he was a patriot Slovene, he was not accepted well in the military, so in 1931 he moved to Ajdovscina (at the time under occupation of Italy), but he still couldn't find a job. On 25th June 1932, he decided to fly away during the training-flight with Fiat AS.I to Ljubljana, Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
    Since August 1936 to 1938 he took part in Spanish civil war in the ranks of Fuerza Aérea de la República Española. He supposedly achieved three confirmed kills during this war. Unfortunately closer information are not at our disposal so this cannot be neither confirmed nor disproved. During the war he used José Antonio Galiasso as the nom de guerre.
    After the return from Spain he settled in Zemun, Serbia. Here he got married and survived whole World War II. In 1944 he entered the newly established Yugoslavian Air Force - Narodno Oslobodilačka Vojska Jugoslavije / National Liberation Army of Yugoslavia.
    He died on 8th October 1948, when he crashed with his Yak-9 on the slopes of Sneznik mountain.
  2. Nicola Chiaromonte used Juan Fernandez as the nom de guerre.
  3. Emilio Croce used «Lucifero» as the nom de guerre.
  4. Emanuele Farina used Jesus Guzman Verdes as the nom de guerre.
  5. Raimondo Fasano used Manuel Farinas Soliman as the nom de guerre.
  6. Andrea Macchieraldo used «Cordera» as the nom de guerre.
  7. Filippo Mantoni used Felipe Matillo Purg as the nom de guerre.
  8. Arrigo Sauli used Julío Valbueno Managua as the nom de guerre.
  9. Giovanni Spilzi used Julian Arrigo Echea as the nom de guerre.
  10. Veniero Spinelli used Juan Rodriguez Torrete as the nom de guerre.
B: bomber
E: electrician
I: interpreter
M: mechanic
M/F: mechanic / fitter
MG: machine-gunner
P: pilot
T: technician
WO: wireless operator

Josip Križaj
Giuseppe Krizai, 3 victories.

Josip Križaj

NiD-52C1

Nieuport-Delage NiD-52C1, esc España, Barakhas, August 1936.

D.371
D.371

Dewoitine D.371 No.16, 1a Escuadrilla, Grupo 71, pilot Giuseppe Krizai.


Victories of the Fighter Pilots During Spanish Civil War & World War II  PDF   Czech flag

Sources & Literature
  1. Researcher Dalibor Jovanovic
  2. Researcher Damir Stanzer
  3. Абросов, Сергей Владимирович: В небе Испании 1936-1939 годы, Издательство: г.Москва, без издательства, 2003.
  4. Абросов, Сергей Владимирович: Воздушная война в Испании. Хроника воздушных сражений 1936-1939 гг., Издатель: Яуза, Эксмо, 2008.
  5. Emiliani, Angelo: Italiani Nell'Aviazione Repubblicana Spagnola, Edizioni Aeronautiche Italiane S.r.l., 1980.
  6. Flores, Santiago A.: Victorias Aereas Republicanas Nacionalistas, Julio 1936 – Noviembre 1936 Por Pilotos Espanoles Y Pilotos Voluntarios, 2012.
  7. Matyáš, Svatopluk: Stíhačky nad Španělskem 1936 - 1939, Svět křídel, Cheb 1998.
  8. Matyáš, Svatopluk: Na křídlech Španělské republiky 1936 – 1939 Svět křídel, Cheb, 2014. ISBN: 978-80-87567-44-9
  9. Polák, T.: Esa meziválečného období - Part II, in Plastic Kits revue, No. 44, 1995.
  10. Šnajdr, Miroslav: Dewoitine D.371 a D.372, part two, in Historie a plastikové modelářství, No. 06, 2005.
  11. Šnajdr, Miroslav: Dewoitine D.371, in Military Revue, No. 07, 2010.
  12. Жирохов, Михаил Александрович - Пруцаков, М.: «Красный» итальянец [И.Кризай], in Авиация и Время, №2, 2003.
  13. Josip Križaj, http://users.volja.net/mojanoga/jkrizaj.asp. [out of order]
  14. Josip Križaj, Wikipedija Prosta enciklopedija, http://sl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josip_Križaj.
  15. Josip (Giuseppe) Krizaj, Piloto de la República, http://www.network54.com/Forum/394728/message/....
  16. Krizaj Giuseppe, http://www.asso4stormo.it/arc2/kri/kri.htm.

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