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Middle East Skirmishes

The Syrian Arab Air Force (القوات الجوية العربية السورية‎ / Al Quwwat al-Jawwiyah al Arabiya as-Souriy)

NAME                            VICTORIES                      UNIT             COMMENTS

unknown                             1 [0+1]                                     1., ½ Britten-Norman BN-2A-3 Islander  
unknown                             1 [0+1]                                     1., ½ Britten-Norman BN-2A-3 Islander  
unknown                             1                                           2., 1 UAV  
unknown                             1                          (*)              3., 1 RF-4ETM Isik
unknown                             1                          (*) Mazza AB     4., 1 F-16
  1. On 21 October 1989 two Syrian MiG-21s flew 20km deep into Turkish airspace and shot down a civilian Britten-Norman BN.2L (TC-KUN, c/n 272) light transport belonging to Turkish General Directorate of Land Registry (annexed unit of Ministry of Public Works and Settlement), killing all five on board.
  2. At the end of April 2002, unconfirmed reports claims a Syrian MiG-23ML shot down an Israeli UAV with an air-to-air missile near As-Suwayda.
  3. On 22 June 2012, a Syrian SA-3 SAM site near Latakia shot down Turkish Air Force RF-4ETM Isik reconnaissance fighter serial 77-0314 after it violated Syrian airspace over the Mediterranean Sea. The crew of Capt Gökhan Ertan and Lt Hassan Hüsseyin Aksoy were killed. Turkish RF-4E was shot down by Syrian air defenses while flying a reconnaissance flight near the Turkish-Syrian border
  4. On August 21, 2015 in the early hours, Damascus time, an Israeli US made F-16 fighter-bomber, flew into Syrian airspace brazenly and fired at Brigade 68 and, then, turned and flew back toward Brigade 90 in Qunaytra in order to insure a safe landing in occupied Palestine if the aircraft was struck. It was struck. An SA-9 from the Iftiraas Air Defense Base and an SA-2 near the Khalkhaala AB were fired. But, the technical wizardry was most on display when an S-300 (SA-10 “Grumble) super-air-defense missile was fired from the Republican Guard base near the Mazza AB at the foot of Qaasiyoon Mountain west of Damascus. This was done so that the F-16’s electronic countermeasures would first fix on the SA-2 and SA-9 while the S-300 plowed forward to exterminate the vermin inside the Israeli aircraft. The S-300 vaporized the Israeli bomber. No evidence was seen of the pilot ejecting. Instead, eyewitness accounts described a ball of fire over the Golan and the remains scattering into the air over the Huleh Valley in Palestine.

Air-to-Air Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Pilot Weapon Victim Country Place
20. 10. 1989     MiG-21 unknown   ½ BN-2A-3 Islander TKGM Turkey
20. 10. 1989     MiG-21 unknown   ½ BN-2A-3 Islander TKGM Turkey
10. 2002     MiG-23ML unknown   ½ UAV IDF near As-Suwayda
Ground-to-Air Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Pilot Weapon Victim Country Place
22. 06. 2012 11:58     unknown S-200(*) RF-4ETM Isik TuAF sea, 10km from the village of Om al-Tuyour
17. 03. 2015       unknown S-125(*) MQ-1 Predator USAF near the coastal town of Latakia, Syria
21. 08. 2015       unknown S-300(*) F-16 IDF/AF over Quneitra, Syria

(*):Anti-Aircraft Artillery
IDF :Israeli Defense Force
IDF/AF :Israeli Defense Force / Air Force (זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל / Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal)
S-300 :С-200, NATO reporting name SA-5 Gammon, is a very long range, medium-to-high altitude surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed in the 1960s to defend large areas from bomber attack or other strategic aircraft
S-300 :С-300 «Фаворит», NATO reporting name SA-10 Grumble, is a series of initially Soviet and later Russian long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by NPO Almaz
TKGM :Tapu Kadastro Genel Müdürlügü
TuAF :Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetler)
UAV :Unmanned aerial vehicle


Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21PF, Syrian Air Force / القوات الجوية العربية السورية.


Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23ML, Syrian Air Force / القوات الجوية العربية السورية.

С-125 «Нева» / SA-3 Goa.

С-300 «Фаворит» / SA-10 Grumble.

Britten-Norman BN-2A-3 Islander
Britten-Norman BN-2A-3 Islander, Tapu Kadastro Genel Müdürlügü.

McDonnell Douglas RF-4E Phantom II , Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetler).

General Dynamics F-16 , Israel Air and Space Force (זרוע האויר והחלל / Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal).

Sources & Literature
  1. Büttner, Stefan: Russian Air Force's War on Terror, in Combat Aircraft, No. 2, 2016.
  2. Cooper, Tom: A Short History of Syrian-Turkish border Incidents, in Combat Aircraft, No. 2, 2016.
  3. Marszałkiewicz, Jakub: O peracje IAF nad Syrią na przełomie XX i XXI wieku, in Militaria XX wieku, Nr. 5 (74), 2016.
  4. Rovenský, Dušan: Horké okamžiky nahorké hranici, Letecké incidenty na syrsko-tureckém pomezí, in ATM, No. 1, 2016.
  5. ACIG Team: Syrian Air-to-Air Victories since 1948,
  6. ASN Aviation Safety WikiBase, AviationSafetyNetwork,
  7. ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 146425, AviationSafetyNetwork,
  8. Cenciotti, David: “Turkish RF-4E Phantom shot down by Syrian missile in international airspace” Ankara says, The Aviationist,
  9. Clements, Richard: Turkish RF-4E Phantom shot down by Syrian Air Defense battery. Known and unknown facts, The Aviationist,
  10. Cooper, Tom: Israeli - Syrian Shadow-Boxing,,
  11. Fadel, Ziad: Syria Shoots Down Israeli Warplane F-16 Bomber, Using Russian S-300 Air Defense System, Global Research - The Center of Research on Globalization,
  12. Greenhalgh, Ian: Syrian Army Shoots Down Israeli Fighter Jet over Quneitra, Veterans Today,
  13. Israeli War Jet Shot Down Over Syria, Sputnik International,
  14. List of aircraft shootdowns, WikipediA, The Free Encyclopedia,
  15. List of aviation shootdowns and accidents during the Syrian Civil War, WikipediA, The Free Encyclopedia,
  16. McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, WikipediA - The Free Encyclopedia,
  17. Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23, WikipediA - The Free Encyclopedia,
  18. Ocak 1990'da Suriye'nin Düşürdüğü Türk Uçağı,
  19. Salem, Ahmed: Israeli warplane shot down over Syria, ARA News,
  20. Syrian Army Shoots Down Israeli Fighter Jet over Quneitra, FARS News Agency,
  21. Syrian military says it downed Turkish fighter jet, BBC,
  22. Turkey to push NATO on jet downing by Syria, CBC News,
  23. Turkish F-16 downs Russian Su-24 violating airspace, Forum,


Copyright © Jan Josef ŠAFAŘÍK
Generated: Fri May 5 10:22:34 CEST 2017

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