North Korea        roundel

NORTH KOREA

Cold War

Korean People's Air Force / 조선인민군 공군


NAME                                 VICTORIES             COMMENTS

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Comments:
  1. 16 June 1959 While flying a patrol mission over the Sea of Japan, a US Navy Martin P4M-1Q Mercator of VQ-1 (BuNo 122209) was attacked 50 miles east of the Korean DMZ by two North Korean MiG-17 Frescos. During the attack, the aircraft sustained serious damage to the starboard engine and the tail gunner was seriously wounded. The aircraft made it safely back to Miho AFB Japan (Lednicer, David: Intrusions, Overflights, Shootdowns and Defections During the Cold War and Thereafter, http://mysite.verizon.net/anneled/ColdWar.html).
  2. 20 April 1961 A US aircraft was fired on by North Korean aircraft. The pilot was killed when the aircraft crashed while attempting an emergency landing south of Seoul (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  3. 27 April 1965 A US Air Force ERB-47H Stratojet of the 55th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing (43290), was damaged in an attack by two North Korean MiG-17 Frescos over the Sea of Japan. The B-47s tail gunner returned fire, possibly shooting down one MiG-17. The B-47 made an emergency landing at Yokota AB Japan, with two engines inoperative and severe structural damage. The crew of Hobart Mattison, Henry E. Dubuy, Robert J. Rogers, Robert C. Winters, George V. Back and one other crew member, escaped injury (Smíšek, Martin: Stratojety nad Sovětským svazem, 3. díl, in Plastic Planet, No. 2, 2013; Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  4. 15 April 1969 While flying a patrol mission over the Sea of Japan, a US Navy EC-121M of VQ-1 (BuNo 135749) was attacked and shot down by two North Korean MiG-17 Fresco fighters 90 miles off the coast of Korea. All 31 crew members, James H. Overstreet, James L. Roach, John Dzema, John H. Potts, Dennis B. Gleason, Louis F. Balderman, Peter P. Perrottet, Richard H. Kincaid, John H. Singer, Dennis J. Horrigan, Robert F. Taylor, Frederick A. Randall, Robert J. Sykora, Stephen J. Tesmer, Norman E. Wilkerson, Hugh M. Lynch, Marshall H. McNamara, Gene K. Graham, Laverne A. Greiner, David M. Willis, Richard E. Smith, Gary R. Ducharme, Ballard F. Connors Jr., John A. Miller Jr., Stephen C. Chartier, Philip D. Sundby, Bernie J. Colgin, Richard Prindle, Timothy H. McNeil, Richard E. Sweeney and Joseph R. Ribar, were all killed in the attack. Two bodies and some wreckage was recovered by search vessels (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  5. 14 July 1977 A US Army CH-47 Chinook was downed over the Korean demilitarized zone by a North Korean MiG-21 Fishbed. The CH-47's pilot was captured and the other three crew members, Robert Haynes, Joesph Miles and Ronald Wells, were killed. The pilot was released after 57 hours of captivity (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
Anti-aircraft artillery

Comments:
  1. 19 February 1949 A US observation plane was shot down near Kaesong Korea by North Korean forces. The pilot was wounded in the attack (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  2. 17 August 1953 A US Air Force T-6 Texan was shot down over the Korean demilitarized zone by North Korean ground fire. One crew member was killed and one survived (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  3. 19 January 1955 A US Army L-20 Beaver was shot down by North Korean fire over the Korean demilitarized zone and the crew of two were killed (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  4. 18 August 1955 A US Air Force LT-6 utility/training aircraft was shot down by North Korean ground fire after the aircraft inadvertently overflew the DMZ into North Korea. The pilot was wounded and the observer was killed. The pilot and the body of the observer were returned by the North Koreans on August 23, 1955 (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  5. 6 March 1958 A US Air Force F-86 Sabre fighter was shot down by AAA fire over North Korea when it accidentally flew across the DMZ into North Korea. The pilot bailed out and was returned uninjured by North Korea (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  6. 6 August 1963 A US Army "LT" was lost over North Korea. This was possibly a US Air Force C-130 on a Jilli mission, dropping leaflets off the coast of North Korea (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  7. 17 May 1963 A US Army OH-23 Raven helicopter was shot down over the Korean demilitarized zone. The crew of two were captured and not returned until a year later (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  8. 18 May 1965 A US Army aircraft was shot down by North Korean ground fire (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  9. 15 March 1969 A US helicopter, evacuating wounded from a firefight in the Korean DMZ crashed, killing 5 crewmen, 2 US infantrymen and a South Korean infantryman (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  10. 17 August 1969 A US Army OH-23 Raven of the 59th Aviation Company was shot down over the Korean demilitarized zone. The crew, Malcolm Loepke, Herman Hofstatter and one other, were captured by the North Koreans and released 108 days later (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  11. 1 October 1970 A US Army helicopter was fired on by North Korean gun positions along the Korean DMZ (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  12. 9 May 1974 Two US helicopters received North Korean ground fire along the Injin River (Lednicer, David: c.d.).
  13. 17 December 1994 A US Army OH-58A Kiowa (71-20796), on a training flight near the Korean DMZ, strayed off-course and was shot down over North Korea. One crew member, David Hilemon, was killed. The North Koreans turned over his body to U.S. authorities five days after the shoot-down at the Panmunjom truce village. The other crew member, Bobby W. Hall II, was taken captive by the North Koreans and released 13 days later (Lednicer, David: c.d.).

MiG-15bis
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15bis.
MiG-17F
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17F / Shenyang J-5.
MiG-21F-13
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21F-13 / Chengdu Jian-7.


Sources & Literature
  1. Морозов, Вячеслав – Антаков, Вадим – Котлобовский, Александр В.: Громкие эпизоды тихой войны, Стать о применении Авиация в противостоянии на Корейском полуострове (1953-2004 гг.), Авиация и Время, № 1, 2005.
  2. Smíšek, Martin: Stratojety nad Sovětským svazem, 3. díl, in Plastic Planet, No. 2, 2013.
  3. Lednicer, David: Intrusions, Overflights, Shootdowns and Defections During the Cold War and Thereafter, http://mysite.verizon.net/anneled/ColdWar.html.
  4. Reconnaissance Aircraft attacked, damaged or shot down, The Spyflight Website, http://www.spyflight.co.uk/shootdown.htm.

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