China

CHINA

War In China (1937-1941)

NAME                   VICTORIES         UNITS              COMMENTS

Liu Chi-Sheng             10.58 [10+2]   21 PS              5), 13)
Yuan Pao-Kang              8                                8)
Liu Chi-Sun                8             21, 24 PS          +1 WWII 13)
Kao You-Chajn              8             4 PG               2), 3)
Chin Shui-Tin              8.5  [8+1]    28 PS              American, 11)
Kao Yau-Hsin               8.33 [8+1]    21 PS              2)
Wong Sun-Shui              7             17, 29 PS          American, 10)
Wong Pan-Yang              7    [4+6]    17 PS, 5 FG        American, 9)
Liu Chui-Kang              7             24 PS              6)
Shen Tse-Liu               6.5  [4+5]    3 PG, 17 PS
Le Yi-Chin                 6             22 PS
Kao Chi-Hang               6    [5+2]    4 PG
Chow Ting-Fong             6             34, 28, 25 PS
Zhu Jia-Xun                5             8, 32 PS
Lu Ji-Chun                 5             23 PS
Chen Chi-Wei               5                                1)


Louie Yim-Qun              4    [3+2]    28 PS              American, 12)
Chen Huai-Min              4             23 PS
Liu Chung-Wu               3.25 [3.1]    23 PS              +3 WWII, 7)
Wu Ting-Chun               3             22 PS
Teng Chung-Kai             3    [2+2]    29 PS
Yuan Chin-Han              2.83 [2+2]    21, 22 PS
Liang Tian-Cheng           2.5  [2+1]    22 PS
Cheng Hsiao-Yu             2.5  [2+1]    22 PS
Lee Kuei-Tan               2.16 [1+3]    21 PS, 4 PG        4)
Wang Yu-Kun                2             23 PS
Wang Tien-Hsiang           2             4 PG
Wang Han-Hsun              2             26 PS
Tan Won                    2    [1+2]    21 PS
Ma Kwok-Lim                2             17, 29 PS          Canadian-Chinese
Liu Chi-Han                2             22 PS
Chou Geng-Hsu              2             22, 28 PS
Feng Yu-Ho                 2             22 PS
Wang Wen-Hua               1.33 [1+1]    21 PS
Teng Ming-teh              1.25 [1+1]    25, 21 PS
Li Yu-Rong                 1.25 [1+1]    29 PS
Chou Ling-Hsu              1.25 [1+1]    29 PS
Yuan Bao-Kang              1             PG
Yang Yu-Ching              1             23 PS
Yang Shen-Yen              1             4 PG
Wei Chienmu                1             32 PS
Wei Dingleh                1             32 PS
Wang Yin-Hua               1             23 PS
Tang Pu-Sheng              1             4 PG
Pa Ching-Cheng             1             4 PG
Mo Ta-Yen                  1             17 PG
Mao Ying-Chu               1             23 PS, 4 PG        +4 WWII
Lo Ying-Teh                1             24 PS
Liu Wie-Chuan              1
Liu Meng-Chin              1             29 PS
Liu Ling-Yang              1             28 PS
Li Chia-Hsun               1             3 PG
Kuo Yao-Nan                1             17 PS
Chan Kee-Wong              1             28 PS
Chang Ming-Sheng           1             22 PS
Chang Kuang-Yun            1             4 PG
Chang Kuang-Ming           1             22 PS
Chang Kong-Wen             1
Huang Yan-Po               1             4 PG
Huang Kuang-Han            1             22 PS
Hsin Sau-Chuan             1             23 PS
He Jermin                  1             32 PS
Er Shi-Tong                1             32 PS
Chen Sheng-Hsing           0.7  [0+2]    21 PS
Liu Chi-Wei                0.5  [0+1]    8 PS
Lai Ming-Tang              0.5  [0+1]    4 PG
Chen Yau-Wei               0.5  [0+1]    8 PS
Huang Chu-Ku               0.5  [0+1]    8 PS
Shang Deh-Ren              0.25 [0+1]    29 PS
Fan Hsin-Min               0.25 [0+1]    29 PS
Zhu Huan                   0.20 [0+1]    21 PS
Wu Guo-Duan                0.20 [0+1]    21 PS
Sun Bo-Xian                0.20 [0+1]    21 PS
Hu Nai-Wu                  0.20 [0+1]    21 PS


? Zhe Ti-Wej               5
? Tsang S.-L.              5
? Zhu Jafen                2
? Zhou Ganju               1

FG ... Fighter Group
PG ... Pursuit Group
PS ... Pursuit Squadron
WWII ... World War II
[x+y] ... [individual+shared] victories
 
Comments:
1) ... His name is also given as Čen Ťi-Wej.
2) ... They are probably the same pilot.
3) ... His name is also given as Kao Yu-Hain (Shores, Ch.: Air Aces, Presidio Press, Novato, CA, 1983).
4) ... According to some sources he was credited with 12 victories (Shores, Ch.: c.d). His name is also given as Li Kwei-Tan (Rajlich, J.: Esa na obloze, Naše vojsko 1995).
5) ... Some older resources assign 11.33 confirmed kills to Liu Chi-Sheng (Shores, Ch.: c.d). According to new pieces of knowledge Liu Chi-Sheng got to the end of World War II with big probability only 10.58 [10+2] officialy confirmed victories (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/aces.htm). His name is also given as Liu Che-Sheng (Shores, Ch.: c.d.) or Liou Če-Šeng. Liu Chi-Sheng ended the war as the leading ace of the Republic of China Air Force.
6) ... Liu Chui-Kang is usually shown with eleven victories (Shores, Ch.: c.d., Rajlich, J.: c.d.). At the time of his death Liu Chui-Kang was credited with only 7 confirmed victories (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, c.d.). His name can also be spelled as Liu Tsui-Kan (Shores, Ch.: c.d., Rajlich, J.: c.d.).
7) ... Older resources present that Liu Chung-Wu got 6 victories in total.(Shores, Ch.: c.d.). It shows, on the basis of new materials, that Liu Chung-Wu got one more confirmed victory, when he shared destroyed one japanese A5M from 12th or 13th Kokutais on 18th February 1938 (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, c.d.).
8) ... His name is also given as Jüan Pao-Kang.
9) ... His name is also given as Hwang Pei-Yang (Shores, Ch.: c.d.) and as John Pung-Yung Hwang (Toliver, R. F. - Constable, T. J.: Fighter Aces, 1965.), which would be a transliteration from Mandarin. His name should more properly be transliterated from Cantonese. Some older resources assign 5 [2+6] confirmed kills to Wong Pan-Yang (Olynyk, F.: c.d., Toliver, R. F. - Constable, T. J.: Fighter Aces of the U.S.A., 1997). According to new pieces of knowledge Wong Pan-Yang got to the end of Sino-Japanese Conflict with big probability 7 [4+6] officialy confirmed victories (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, c.d.).
10) ... John Wong, Buffalo Wong. His name is also given as Huang Shing-Yui (Shores, Ch.: c.d.). Some older resources assign 8.5 [8+1] confirmed kills to Wong Sun-Shui (Olynyk, F.: c.d., Toliver, R. F. - Constable, T. J.: c.d.). According to new pieces of knowledge Wong Sun-Shui got to the end of Sino-Japanese Conflict with big probability only 7 officialy confirmed victories (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, c.d.).
11) ... Chin Shui-Tin (Arthur). His name appears as Chen Jui-Tien (Shores, Ch.: c.d.). It is also given as Chin Suey-tin in english records supplied by the Chinese Air Force on Taiwan. Some resources assign 6.5 [6+1] confirmed kills to Chin Shui-Tin (Olynyk, F.: c.d.). According to new pieces of knowledge Chin Shui-Tin got to the end of Sino-Japanese Conflict with big probability 8.5 [8+1] officialy confirmed victories (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, c.d.).
12) ... Louie Yim-Qun (Clifford Louie, Long Legged Louie). His name is given as Lo I-Ching (Shores, Ch.: c.d.). Listed in Fighter Aces (Toliver, R. F. - Constable, T. J., 1965) with 5 victories and in Stars & Bars (Olynyk, F.) with 2.5 [1+3] victories. According to new pieces of knowledge Louie Yim-Qun got to the end of Sino-Japanese Conflict with big probability 4 [3+2] officialy confirmed victories (Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, c.d.).
13) ... They are probably the same pilot.

Sources & Literature
  1. Демин, Анатолий Анатольевич: Авиация Великого соседа, Книга 1, Воздушные силы Старого и Нового Китая, Фонд содействия авиации "Русские витязи", 2008.
  2. Herold, M.: "Mr Caudron" Kao Chi-hang, in Revi, No.49, 2003.
  3. Herold, M. - Soulard, S.: Le "Peashooter" en Chine, in Air Magazine, No. 02, 2001.
  4. Maslov, M. - Cony, Ch.: Polikarpov I-15bis, in Avions, No. 126, 2003.
  5. Maslov, Mikhail: Un chasseur de légende: le Polikarpov I-153 «Tchaïka», Sixième partie: cap sur la Chine!, in Avions, No. 171, Septembre / Octobre 2009.
  6. Olynyk, F.: Stars And Bars (A Tribute to the American Fighter Ace 1920-1973), Grub Street, London 1995.
  7. Polák, T.: Esa meziválečného období (Čína předehra nedokončená), Part III., in Aero Plastic Kits Revue, No. 45 1996.
  8. Rajlich, J.: Esa na obloze, Naše vojsko 1995.
  9. Shores, Ch.: Air Aces, Presidio Press, Novato, CA, 1983.
  10. Skulski, P.: Asy Przestworzy 1939-1945, Ace Poblication, Wroclaw 1995.
  11. Šnajdr, M.: Gladiator a Sea Gladiator, part one, in Historie a plastikové modelářství, No. 01, 2004.
  12. Šnajdr, M.: Curtiss F11C-2/BFC-2 Ghoshawk a Curtiss Hawk II, part two, in Historie a plastikové modelářství, No. 09, 2004.
  13. Thomas, Andrew: Gloster Gladiator Aces, Aircraft of the Aces 44, Osprey Publishing, February 25 2002.
  14. Toliver, R. F. - Constable, T. J. - Fighter Aces of the U.S.A., Schiffer Military History, 1997.
  15. Toliver, R. F. - Constable, T. J. - Fighter Aces, Macmillan, New York 1965.
  16. Vejřík, L.: Vzestup a pád orlů Nipponu, 1931-1941, Prolog, Svět křídel 1994.
  17. Les As de l'Aviation, Le faucon chinois, in Aéro Journal, Histoire de l'Aviation, No. 14, aout-sep 2000.
  18. Gleize, Jean-Paul: Aces, http://jpgleize.perso.neuf.fr/aces/homeaces.htm.
  19. Gustavsson, Håkan: Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/aces.htm.
  20. Magnus, Allan: Air Aces Home Page, http://users.accesscomm.ca/magnusfamily/airaces1.htm.
  21. Ciel De Gloire - Histoire des As de L Aviation de 1914 a nos jours, http://www.cieldegloire.com/.

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Copyright © Jan Josef ŠAFAŘÍK
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