Biafra       Air Force Roundel

BIAFRA

Nigerian Civil War

Air-to-Ground Victories

Date Unit Aircraft Pilot Place Victim Result Country
10.7.1967 BAF RB-26P Zumbach, J. Makurdi airfield "several" DC-3 dam./dest. NAF
19.8.1967 BAF   unknown Kano airfield "several" MiG-17 destroyed NAF
20.8.1967 BAF   unknown Kano airfield "several" MiG-17 destroyed NAF
22.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) Port Harcourt airf. MiG-17F
NAF620
dam./dest. NAF
22.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) Port Harcourt airf. MiG-17F dam./dest. NAF
22.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) Port Harcourt airf. Il-28 dam./dest. NAF
25.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(**) Benin City airf. MiG-17F dam./dest. NAF
25.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(**) Benin City airf. Il-28(+) dam./dest. NAF
26.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 Haglund, G. Enugu airfield MiG-17F destroyed NAF
26.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 Lang, M. Enugu airfield MiG-17F destroyed NAF
26.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) Enugu airfield MiG-17F dam./dest. NAF
26.5.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) Enugu airfield Il-28(++) dam./dest. NAF
8.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) helicopter airf. helicopter destroyed NAF
8.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) helicopter airf. helicopter destroyed NAF
8.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(*) helicopter airf. helicopter destroyed NAF

Statistics from the first 29 attacks (5 abandonded for different reasons) May-Aug:

432 rockets fired, more than 50% hitting targets. No own aircraft or pilots lost.
 Destroyeddamaged
MiG-1732
Il-281 
Canberra11
Intruder1 
2 eng.transport 1
Helicopters21
Trucks7 
Radar1 
ATC tower11
Terminal bldgs 2
Power plant1 
Amm. storage1 
Headquarters 3
AAA2 
Oil pump station1 
Enemy losses: 300 men at airports, 200 men at the front

Source: Haglund, Gunnar: Gerillapilot i Biafra, Allt om hobby AB, Stockholm, 1988.

10.10.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Bebibg City airf. MiG-17F destroyed NAF
10.10.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Bebibg City airf. DC-4 destroyed NAF
11.11.1969 BAF AT-6 Harvard unknown(#)   DC-4 destroyed NAF
11.11.1969 BAF AT-6 Harvard unknown(#)   MiG-17F damaged NAF
11.11.1969 BAF AT-6 Harvard unknown(#)   L-29 Delfín damaged NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. MiG-17F dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. MiG-17F dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. MiG-17F dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. DC-1 dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. DC-4 dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. Do-27 dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. e/a dam./dest. NAF
12.11.1969 MFI Sq. MFI-9 unknown(***) Port Hacourt airf. e/a dam./dest. NAF

Comments:
(*): Carl-Gustaf Ericsson von Rosen (Sw), Gunnar Haglund (Sw), Martin Lang (Sw), Willy Murray-Bruce (Biaf), Augustus Opke (Biaf).
(**): Carl-Gustaf Ericsson von Rosen (Sw), Gunnar Haglund (Sw), Martin Lang (Sw), Augustus Opke (Biaf).
(***): Friedrich Merz (Ger), Ibi Brown (Biaf), Alex Agbufane (Biaf), "Benny" (Biaf).
(#): Portugal mercenary.
(+): In fact Douglas DC-4.
(++): In fact Douglas RB-26P Invader destroyed in 1967.
BAF: Biafran Air Force.
NAF: Nigerian Air Force.

Malmö MFI-9B Trainer
SAAB MFI-9 MiniCOIN, Biafran Air Force.

Malmö MFI-9B Trainer
SAAB MFI-9 MiniCOIN, Biafran Air Force.

North American AT-6 Texan/Harvard
North American AT-6 Texan/Harvard, Biafran Air Force, Uga airfield, October 1969.

Douglas RB-26P Invader
Douglas RB-26P Invader, Biafran Air Force, Enugu airfield, August 1967.

Mikojan-Gurjevič MiG-17F Fresco
Mikojan-Gurjevič MiG-17F Fresco, Nigerian Air Force.

Mikojan-Gurjevič MiG-17F Fresco
Mikojan-Gurjevič MiG-17F Fresco, Nigerian Air Force.

Iljušin Il-28 Beagle
Iljušin Il-28 Beagle, Nigerian Air Force.


Sources & Literature
  1. Researcher Håkan Gustavsson.
  2. Berns, Lennart: Děti z Biafry… Air Force o pěti letadlech, in Revi, No. 2, 1994.
  3. "Biafran Babies", A Noble Swede: From Relief to Raid, http://www.kwenu.com/biafra/biafran_babies.htm.
  4. Biafran Invaders, The Douglas A/B-26 Invader http://vectaris.net/id307.html.
  5. Cooper, Tom: Civil War in Nigeria (Biafra), 1967-1970, Air Combat Information Group, http://s188567700.online.de/CMS/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=218&Itemid=47.
  6. Gustavsson , Håkan: Biplane Fighter Aces from the Second World War, http://www.dalnet.se/~surfcity/index.html.
  7. Haglund, Gunnar: Gerillapilot i Biafra, Allt om hobby AB, Stockholm, 1988.
  8. Housworth, Gordon: Asymmetrical air force symmetries: Biafra Babies and Air Tigers, part II, http://spaces.icgpartners.com/index2.asp?NGuid=DA8D6DADD9DD4F59AED1AD1F66DA147B.
  9. Operation Biafra Babies, The Swedish military aviation page, http://www.canit.se/~griffon/aviation/text/biafra.htm.
  10. Petz, Daniel: MFI-9, trpaslík mezi bitevníky, in Historie a plastikové modelářství, No. 10, 1993.
  11. Polák, Tomáš: Okřídlený tulák Jan Zumbach, in Aero Plastic Kits Revue, No. 49, 1996.
  12. Runarsson, Kristjan: Fleas versus Falcons over Biafra, Short history and assessment of the MFI-9B "MiniCOIN" in Biafran air force service, Part I, The Pogrom, War & Starvation , http://thepogrom-war-starvation.blogspot.com/2007/06/fleas-versus-falcons-over4-biafra.html.
  13. Slizewski, Grzegorz - Comas, Matthieu - Cony, Christophe: Jan Zumbach un sacre canard dans la RAF, in Avions, No. 124, 2003.
  14. Жирохов, Михаил - Моногону, Обунигве: Прощай, Биафра! Воздушная война в Нигерии в 1967-70 гг., Авиамастер, № 4, 2002.

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